Wednesday, April 17, 2013
What do we understand by the word politics? As a defined concept it refers to a number of phenomena or things that could be labelled as politics or at the minimum, have some politically understood content in them. A common way to grasp the notion of politics is to reduce it to mean the structures or institutions in which politics and political matters take place. This view is traditionally considered a narrow perspective concerning politics.
In brief, politics is both necessary and unavoidable. Human societies need politics, because by its implementation societies can be governed. It is an instrument of distributing good (and bad) in communities, finding out resolutions and resolving the conflicting views within communities, allocating values with legitimate authority, organising the changes and directions of communal life etc. Politics is, in a word, an organised attempt to bring order in a pluralistic chaos. (See for instance Arendt 1958; Beetham 1991; Keane 1998.)
One ongoing, and in many ways attempt to increase citizens’ political participation is linked to the use of the Internet. Using the Internet seems to be very promising tool to deploy in overcoming the apathetic traditional political involvement, and empowering the commitment to political issues.
The prevailing form of political rule in liberal democracies (for definition, see Held 1997, 81, Heywood 2004, 225 – 227) is the representative model, in which people have right to elect political rulers to make public decisions for them. The very idea of representation therefore recognises the dilemma between the government and the governed. The formal procedure of selecting the representatives or public officials is through elections in every 3 – 4- 5 or so years. However, the representative model of democratic participation has its disadvantages in many respects. It has been criticised not to be a microcosm of society at all. In other words, representatives are not representing all segments of societal groupings proportionally to their size, elected politicians tend not to resemble the population in terms of schooling, social class, professional status and so forth (Heywood ibid. 233). The criticism has pointed out also, that electoral participation imply but a periodical involvement in political life for ordinary people during the campaigns and through voting. An accurate question should be, is this amount of participation enough in order to regard the democratic government thoroughly democratic and accountable?
Times have changes and the goal of post-material collective activity is autonomy and the type of action is a self-realisation. The action springs up because people are concerned; they are acting because of perceived injustices; mistreatment, and perhaps a feeling of being ignored by the office holders and politicians. This type of actionistic politics puts emphasis on the mobilisation process fostering the emergence of new ideas, world-views, and particularly the adaptation of the political activity and participation to changing conditions (Diani & Eyerman, 1992, 7-8). This new type of political activity has emerged mainly because of the changing of the societies during the process of modernisation.
The postmaterial twist in values, which is the rejection of modernity (rationality, authority, technology, and science), reevaluation of tradition, and consequently the rise of new values and lifestyles and individual choices concerning the kind of life one wants to live. Along with the post-material turn in the value-system, it has lead to an erosion of confidence towards the state and caused the growing distance between the sphere of politics and people's everyday needa. Therefore. the state has to become authentic "who one really is" and autonomy is the privilege to to enable people to use theirown talents to bridge the gap between what they are and what they want to be.
The gap between parties and citizens is widening. and the existence of political alienation is increasing. What is political alienation? It is one an expression of concern about the unpopularity of political participation.Therefore, we do need for the current political elite to consider for the formation of not only new medias for deliberation but also to hve more forums forums of participation to bring about a more justified and legitimate form of governance.